Famous Women Scientists
This video is all about 14 famous women scientists. It explains their life history, invention and all other interesting facts about all of them.
- Caroline Herschel: – Caroline Herschel was a German astronomer, born on March 16, 1750. She is best known as the first woman to discover a comet and to receive honorary membership into Royal Society. She died on January 9, 1848.
- Maria Mitchell: – Maria Mitchell was the first professional astronomer from the United States. She was born on August 1, 1818. In 1847, she discovered a new comet. In 1869, she was elected to the American Philosophical Society. She died on June 28, 1889.
- Marie Curie: – Marie Curie was born on November 7, 1867 in Poland. She was the first person to be awarded two noble prizes, one in chemistry and another in physics. She is best known for her discovery of radioactivity. In 1910, she produced radium as a pure metal. She died on 4 July, 1934.
- Lise Meitner: – She was an Austrian scientist born on November 7, 1878. Lise Meitner is best known for her work on nuclear physics and radioactivity. She was the second woman to receive a Ph.D. in physics. When World War II ended, she was acclaimed as the mother of the atom bomb.
- Irene Joliot Curie: – Irene Joliot-Curie was daughter of scientist couple Marie Curie and Pierre Curie, born on September 12, 1897. In 1935, she was awarded the noble prize in the field of chemistry. She is best known for her discovery of artificial radioactivity. She died on March 17, 1956.
- Rita Levi-Montalcini: – She was a neurobiologist, born on April 22, 1909 in Italy. In 1986, she was awarded the noble prize for the discovery of nerve growth factor. She was the first Noble Laureate to live over 100 years. Rita Levi-Montalcini died on December 30, 2012.
- Dorothy Hodgkin: – Dorothy Hodgkin was an English biochemist, born on May 12, 1910. In 1964, she won the Noble Prize in chemistry for developing protein crystallography. She died on July 29, 1994.
- Chien-Shiung Wu: – She was a Chinese physicist, born on May 31, 1912. Chien-Shiung Wu is best known as ‘the Chinese Madame Curie’. She was the first woman ever who received a Sc. D. from Princeton University. She died on February 16, 1997.
- Gertrude Elion: – Gertrude Elion was a biochemist from the United States, born on January 23, 1918. She awarded the noble prize in 1988. For 16 long years, she worked as the Head of the Department of Experimental Therapy for Burroughs Wellcome. She died on February 21, 1999.
- Rosalind Franklin: – Rosalind Franklin was a British Scientist, born on July 25, 1920. She is best known for her discovery of the structure of DNA and making X-ray images of it. She received a Ph. D. in physical chemistry from Cambridge University. She was diagnosed of ovarian cancer and died on April 16, 1958.
- Jane Goodall: – Jane Goodall is an English primatologist, born on April 3, 1934. She is the world’s leading expert on Chimpanzees. She has founded the Jane Goodall Institute. Jane began her study in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. She noted so many human actions in chimpanzees like tickling, hugs, kisses, patting on the back etc.
- Shirley Jackson: – Shirley Jackson is a physicist from the United States, born on August 5, 1946. She joined the Theoretical Physics Research Department of AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1976. She is the 18th president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and also the first woman to hold this position.
- Elizabeth Blackburn: – Elizabeth Blackburn is a Noble Laureate in the field of Molecular Biology. She was born on November 26, 1948. She is the President of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. In 2009, she was awarded the noble prize in the field of Physiology.
- Melissa Franklin: – Melissa Franklin is a scientist, born on September 30, 1956. She was elected a fellow of the American Physical Society. She is currently working on studies of hadron collisions produced by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At Harvard University, she is the first tenured woman professor of the physics department.